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China MahjongLim Chinese Riichi Mahjong Set Tiles (Mahjongg, Mah-Jongg, Mah Jongg Set, Majiang)(Size: M): tapety-na-mobil-zdarma.com: Küche & Haushalt. Mah-Jongg (Audio-Datei / Hörbeispiel anhören), auch Mahjongg oder Mahjong (chinesisch 麻將 / 麻将, Pinyin májiàng, Jyutping maa4zoeng3 Audio-Datei /. 佛山市 - Mahjong is a tile-based game that was developed in China during the Qing dynasty and has spread throughout the world since the early 20th century.
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In some cases the dealer marker and the wind marker are represented by one large marker, usually a small wheel where one can swivel the outer circle to indicate the prevailing wind which the dealer holds onto , a cube with the four winds placed onto four of the sides which can be placed in a hollow square the dealer holds onto it , or a cylinder locked into frame which can be rolled to expose the wind on the top.
Japanese mahjong, especially in a gambling environment, may optionally use four yakitori markers to indicate which players have not won a hand yet and has to pay a penalty.
There are a variety of counting pieces used in different countries. They range from Chinese or Japanese counting sticks thin sticks with various dots on them to represent various points , jetons , play money , paper and pencil, or various apps on touchscreen devices used to calculate and keep scores.
Japanese and Korean Mahjong have some special rules. A player cannot win by a discard if that player had already discarded that piece, where players' discards are kept in neat rows in front of them.
Players may declare ready, meaning that they need one tile to win, cannot change their hand and win extra points if they win. Some rules may replace some of the number 5 tiles with red tiles, as they can earn more points.
Korean Mahjong does not allow melded stolen chows. Taiwanese Mahjong adds three tiles to a hand requiring a 5th set to be formed, making a clean hand or all Pong hand very difficult to procure.
American Mahjong has distinctive game mechanics and the article on American Mahjong details these. Some differences include many special patterns, a different scoring system and the use of jokers and five-of-a-kind.
In the American variations it is required that, before each hand begins, a Charleston be enacted. In the first exchange, three tiles are passed to the player on one's right; in the next exchange, the tiles are passed to the player opposite, followed by three tiles passed to the left.
If all players are in agreement, a second Charleston is performed; however, any player may decide to stop passing after the first Charleston is complete.
The Charleston is followed by an optional pass to the player across of one, two, or three tiles. The Charleston, a distinctive feature of American Mahjong, may have been borrowed from card games such as Hearts.
Many variations have specific hands, some of which are common while some are optional depending on regions and players.
One example is the Pure Green hand made of chows or Pongs using 2, 3, 4, 6, 8 of bamboo and green dragon.
When a hand is one tile short of winning for example: , waiting for: , , or , as can be the eyes , the hand is said to be a ready hand, or more figuratively, "on the pot".
The player holding a ready hand is said to be waiting for certain tiles. It is common to be waiting for two or three tiles, and some variations award points for a hand that is waiting for one tile.
In tile Mahjong, the largest number of tiles for which a player can wait is 13 the thirteen wonders , or 13 orphans , a nonstandard special hand.
Ready hands must be declared in some variations of Mahjong, while other variations prohibit the same. A new hand begins, and depending on the variant, the Game Wind may change.
For example, in most playing circles in Singapore, if there is at least one Kong when the hand is a draw, the following player of the dealer becomes the next dealer; otherwise, the dealer remains dealer.
The rule is treated the same as "abortive draws". In Japanese Mahjong, rules allow abortive draws to be declared while tiles are still available.
They can be declared under the following conditions:. Scoring in Mahjong involves points, with a monetary value for points agreed upon by players.
Although in many variations scoreless hands are possible, many require that hands be of some point value in order to win the hand. While the basic rules are more or less the same throughout Mahjong, the greatest divergence between variations lies in the scoring systems.
Like the rules, there is a generalized system of scoring, based on the method of winning and the winning hand, from which Chinese and Japanese base their roots.
American Mahjong generally has greatly divergent scoring rules, as well as greatly divergent general rules. Because of the large differences between the various systems of scoring especially for Chinese variants , groups of players will often agree on particular scoring rules before a game.
Points terminology of which differs from variation to variation are obtained by matching the winning hand with different criteria scoring different values.
The points obtained may be modified into scores for each player using some typically exponential functions. Some criteria may be also in terms of both points and score.
In many variations the dealer receives no scoring bonus and does not maintain his turn by winning or a dead hand.
In classical Mahjong all players score points. Points are given for sets and hand composition and winning bonuses, doubled and redoubled for basic patterns.
Sometimes a loser may score more points than a winner. Japanese Mahjong has a complex scoring system with several stages of scoring, rules and exceptions, evening out scores and bonus points at the end of a match.
Korean Mahjong has a simple scoring system where only winner scores without any form of doubling. Some variations give points for concealed hands, in which case no melds are made except by winning on a discard.
A single player game employs the tiles of mahjong, usually played on computers or devices. Gameplay is entirely unrelated to mahjong or its variations and is a recent invention.
A two-player version was published by Nintendo. The game involves stacking tiles face up in various elaborate patterns and removing uncovered matching tiles at the end of rows.
In , in the interest of dissociating illegal gambling from Mahjong, the China State Sports Commission published a new set of rules, now generally referred to as Chinese Official rules or International Tournament rules see Guobiao Majiang.
The principles of the new, wholesome Mahjong are no gambling, no drinking, and no smoking. In international tournaments, players are often grouped in teams to emphasize that Mahjong from now on is considered a sport.
The new rules are highly pattern-based. The rulebook contains 81 combinations, based on patterns and scoring elements popular in classic and modern regional Chinese variants; some table practices of Japan have also been adopted.
Points for flower tiles each flower is worth one point may not be added until the player has scored eight points.
The winner of a game receives the score from the player who discards the winning tile, plus eight basic points from each player; in the case of zimo self-drawn win , he receives the value of this round plus eight points from all players.
The new rules were first used in an international tournament in Tokyo , where, in , the first global tournament in Mahjong was organized by the Mahjong Museum, the Japan Mahjong Organizing Committee, and the city council of Ningbo, China.
One hundred players participated, mainly from Japan and China, but also from Europe and the United States. Mai Hatsune, from Japan, became the first world champion.
The following year saw the first annual China Mahjong Championship, held in Hainan; the next two annual tournaments were held in Hong Kong and Beijing.
Most players were Chinese; players from other nations attended as well. In , the first Open European Mahjong Championship  was held in the Netherlands, with players.
The competition was won by Masato Chiba from Japan. The second European championship  in Copenhagen was attended by players and won by Danish player Martin Wedel Jacobsen.
The first Online European Mahjong Championship was held on the Mahjong Time server in , with 64 players, and the winner was Juliani Leo, from the U.
There were participants. In , the World Mahjong Organization WMO was founded in Beijing , China, with the cooperation of, amongst others, the Japan Mahjong Organizing Committee JMOC and the European Mahjong Association EMA.
This organization held its first World Mahjong Championship in November in the Chinese town of Chengdu , attended by participants from all over the world.
It was won by Li Li, a Chinese student at Tsinghua University. The next World Championship took place in Utrecht , the Netherlands, 27 to 29 August Other major international tournaments include the Mahjong International League 's World Mahjong Sports Games and the privately sponsored World Series Of Mahjong.
American mahjong tournaments are held in virtually every state—the largest is in Las Vegas, Nevada twice a year, and in Atlantic City, New Jersey, by Mah Jongg Madness; and the annual cruise hosted by the National Mah Jongg League and Mah Jongg Madness MJM.
MJM tournaments host between and participants at these larger events; and there are several smaller scale, but equally successful tournaments held annually by other hosts.
Prize pools are based on the number participating. Rules are based on the National Mah Jongg League standard rules.
Mahjong is based on draw-and-discard card games that were popular in 18th and 19th century China, some of which are still popular today.
Each deck is divided into three suits of Cash or coins, Strings of cash, and Myriads of strings. There are nine ranks in each suit.
In addition, there are three wild cards : Red flower , White flower , and Old thousand. Depending on the game, there are multiple copies of each card.
Games scholar David Parlett has written that the Western card games Conquian and Rummy share a common origin with Mahjong.
Khanhoo is an early example of such a game. It is not known when the conversion from cards to tiles took place precisely but it most likely occurred in the middle of the 19th century.
The earliest surviving tile sets date to around and were acquired in Fuzhou , Shanghai , and Ningbo.
In their place were "king" tiles for heaven, earth, man, and harmony and also for each of the 4 "winds" which may have acted as bonus tiles.
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This is because these Mahjong games include the following additional tiles: Four flowers Four seasons What is the Objective of Mahjong? The objective of mahjong is very simple — to get Mahjong!
How to Play Mahjong Playing free Mahjong games is a great way to test your ability to think strategically. These are the key things you need to know about playing traditional Mahjong games online: Your goal is to get Mahjong by using discarded tiles Mahjong is four sets of three tiles and one pair of tiles You make sets in Mahjong games in two ways Pung Chow The game starts with all tiles laid out as a "wall" in the center of the game surface You have to match these tiles, finding ones that are the same You score points by matching ones that are: Not covered Away from the sides Special characters We have a range of free Mahjong games and these may feature different rules from the basic version of the game.
Top Tips When Playing Online Mahjong Games Concentration is necessary to become a true master of online Mahjong. Now, go play! How Long Does a Game of Mahjong Take?
What Does Mahjong Mean? Mahjong means "little sparrows". How Do I Say Mahjong? Mahjong is pronounced "maa-zhong". The original Chinese game did not include the flowers and seasons so the total was However, some American sets also have 8 joker tiles that add a little more complication.
In Singapore there are sets where there are extra pairs e. The game usually has four players who take it in turns to pick up tiles to try to form sets.
The first task is to shuffle the tiles, all players take part by moving them around with both hands, with the faces of the tiles downward.
Then the wall is built. The dealer then throws three dice to determine where to start dealing out the tiles. The score determines which wall and part quarter of the wall forms the start point for dealing.
The dealer then takes four tiles from the left of this position and the other players take a set of four until they each have 12 tiles 3 sets of 4 moving clockwise around the wall.
Each player then finally takes a single extra tile in turn to make a total of 13 tiles. Only the numbers marked on the flower tiles.
The Chinese characters are in regular script. Macau style, similar to the Hong Kong tiles but the bird of one bamboo is different. Joker tiles are present.
Both numbers and Chinese characters are marked on the flower tiles. Taiwan style. The lines of the one bamboo are simpler. Black paint is used to replace blue paint.
The Chinese characters are stiffy. Chongqing style, made for the 3rd World Mahjong Championship in Japan style. Peacock is drawn on the one bamboo.
Only 4 flower tiles. Red five tiles and dora white dragon are present. The Chinese characters are in Kansai script.
Colours are darker than Canton tiles. Japan style with 8 flower tiles, which can be used for the rules in Hong Kong and Taiwan. The peacock on the one bamboo is more colourful.
Colours on tiles are brighter than the left one. Another Japan style with a different peacock pattern on the one bamboo. Another Japan style, no different when we turn the bamboos upside down.
There is a blind spot on the red five tiles. Red five tiles are present. Europe style. Mahjong Quest Mahjong Quest Halloween Connect Halloween Connect.
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Mystic Mahjong Mystic Mahjong. Butterfly Mahjong Butterfly Mahjong. The original Mahjong is an ancient Chinese game played with similar pieces but under a different concept.
The original game is played with , , or more thick tiles of bone and bamboo, usually by four people. There are various sites in the Internet dedicated to the ancient game Mahjong.